Author Archives: Americana

Hopi Kachinas: Their Significance in Ceremony and Art

An article by Lee Anderson People tend to think of kachinas as wooden carvings of masked, human figures they see for sale at trading posts, galleries, and fairs. Or they know that kachinas are often offered as gifts to people … Continue reading

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Caring For Your Jewelry

Jewelry Care Exercise care in protecting your investment and your selection of authentic Indian jewelry will bring you enjoyment for years to come. Turquoise. Turquoise is a porous stone. In even the hardest turquoise, deposits collecting in the pores of the … Continue reading

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The History of American Indian Jewelry

An article by Lee Anderson “Indian jewelry,” as we call it today, probably has origins that predate the advent of the persons we describe as American Indians or Native Americans. However, for the purpose of this paper, we will consider … Continue reading

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The Squash Blossom Necklace

An article by Lee Anderson When Indian jewelry is mentioned, the symbol that often comes to mind is the squash blossom necklace — the cornerstone of most Indian jewelry collections. However, most people who own one or more pieces have … Continue reading

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Turquoise in Indian Jewelry

An article by Lee Anderson Turquoise has been native to jewelry in the Southwest for over 2000 years. Then, as now, the stone was deeply appreciated and revered. No doubt, the prehistoric Indians and the ancestors of our current Native … Continue reading

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How the Quality of Turquoise Affects Its Use in Jewelry

An article by Lee Anderson What is the best turquoise for jewelry? The answer is, “it depends on the type of jewelry you desire.” Gem Grade and Rare If the piece is to be one-of-a-kind, competition, top-investment-quality, the turquoise should … Continue reading

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Stones Used In American Indian Jewelry

An article by Lee Anderson This article explores stones (other than turquoise) that are commonly used in Indian jewelry: coral, sugilite, charoite, and gaspeite. To learn more about turquoise, read Lee Anderson’s articles. Coral Created by colonies of the marine … Continue reading

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The History of Turquoise

An article by Lee Anderson Although turquoise has captivated man’s imagination for centuries, nobody knows when it came to our attention. Archeological and literary references to the stone predate the Christian era by five millennia. The four bracelets of Queen … Continue reading

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The Origin and Occurrence of Turquoise

An article by Lee Anderson Turquoise consists of the chemical elements copper (Cu), aluminum (Al), phosphorus (PO4), and water (H2O). It is described as a “hydrous basic aluminum phosphate of copper” or a “hydrous aluminum phosphate colored by copper salts.” … Continue reading

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The Physical Properties of Turquoise

An article by Lee Anderson  Hardness Turquoise is opaque and has a Mohs scale hardness that varies remarkably. The soft, deeply mined chalks may only slightly exceed 2 on the Mohs scale, whereas a hard, gem specimen may exceed 6. … Continue reading

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